KALKAN MARKET DAY:
Market day in Kalkan is every Thursday from around 8.00am until late afternoon. It can be found on the right hand side, near the mosque, by going up the hill on the main road from the centre of Kalkan. It is a 5-10 minute walk from Truffle Residences.
Fresh fruit and veg, herbs and spices, jeans, polo and T shirts, clothing, shoes, 'genuine fake' watches, turkish delight, lamp, leather goods and many other things can be found at the market. Don't forget to haggle to get the best price !
The lovely town of Kas is a 30 minute drive east along the coastal road. It has a larger harbour than Kalkan. Kas has many bars, restaurants and shops and well worth a visit. Market day is on Friday.
You can get the bus, from the bus station in Kalkan, to Kas and takes approximately 45 minutes. The buses leave Kalkan at 07.25, 08.25, 09.20, 10.20, 11.20, 12.00, 13.00, 14.00, 15.00, 16.20, 17.20, 18.20 and 19.50.
Fethiye has a much larger harbour and many shops, bars and restaurants. In addition it has a fish market where you can go and buy fresh fish and sea food and take it to one of the many ajoining restaurants and have it cooked there and then for lunch or dinner.
The Greek island of Meis (Castellorizo) is a 30 minute boat ride from the harbour at Kas and is a pleasant day trip.
The island has an interesting history. There is a charming harbour with a warren of alleys and houses behind the waterfront shops and restaurants. There are a number of churches, dedicated to a variety of St Georges.
The boats run daily from Kas at a cost of 20 Euros (40 YTL) per person. Being a Greek Island the only currency accepted on Meis is the Euro, which can be obtained from the cash machines at banks in Kalkan. I would not risk the cash machine on Meis as it is tempremental and kept my card, which then involved a certain amount of hassle to get it back. You can also purchase bacon and pork chops from one of the small shops on the harbour and there is a small duty free shop.
Remember your passport.
ANCIENT HISTORICAL SITES:
History abounds at a number of ancient sites dating back to Lycian, Byzantine and Roman times. Mentioned in Homer's Iliad for the bravery of its fierce warriors, Lycia was a federation of cities established around 1400 BCE. There were around 40 cities in the federation which originally had its certre at Xanthos, and later, under the Romans, at Patara. Lycia became part of the Persian in 540 BCE until the arrival of Alexander the Gtreat in 334 BCE. In 190 BCE Lycia came under the Roman influence.
A local cultural anthropologist, Dr Trica Emptage, has written an excellent book called 'The Road to Ruins : Lycian Turkey - Fethiye to Kas'. Visitors to Kalkan can call in at the Parc Kalkan Bar and Restaurant and buy the book for 25 TL. An excellent read describing the history of the area with amusing anecdotal stories.
The ruined city of Tlos, a fortress-topped acropolis dramatically set high up on a rocky outcrop. Predating 600 BCE, Tlos was one of the largest cities in the Lycian League and boasted some of Lycia's best artists and sculptors. It is in the process of excavation by a Franco-Turkish team of archaeologists. In 2006 an intact tomb was discovered there, complete with all of its treasures.
Patara, the birthplace of St Nicholas, is a mystical site half covered with the sands of Patara Beach. It is a huge site and much of it has not yet been excavated. There is a fine amphitheatre and the remains of a huge granary built by the emperor Hadrian.
Pinara ruins, an important city in ancient Lycia with a splendid and isolated setting, is located high in the mountains. Best known for its plethera of tombs carved into the mountain side. There are ruins of a number of temples, a small amphitheatre and other buildings.
Xanthos, the ancient capital of Lycia with a Roman theatre and pillar tomb with Lycian inscriptions. Xanthos was destroyed by the Persians in 540 BCE and again by Brutus about 500 years later.
Letoon , the religious centre of Lycia, has a shrine to Leto, consisting of three temples.